Molecular Microbiology provides an interface between academic molecular biology and real world applications in human health care and the environment. Modern molecular microbiology is already an exciting reality. The faculty of the Department of Microbiology have research interests and expertise that cover all aspects of the interactions of microorganisms with humans, animals and the environment, ranging from the molecular basis of diseases and antibiotics to commercial enzymes, from immunobiology and cancer to pollutant biodegradation and environmental remediation, from life at 100 C at the bottom of the ocean to photosynthesis, from fermentation and food protection to waste treatment. Research projects, financed by federal, state, industrial, and private sources, by over $4 million per year, result in more than 50 research articles, reviews and books each year.